The beginning of Judaism is enlisted in the first five books of the Torah. In the Torah, Yahweh chose Abraham to be the father of all the Hebrews. He was commanded by Yahweh to move all his peopel to Canaan. After going to Egypt, the Jews were forced into slavery.They fled Egypt between 1300 and 1200 BC. This is known as the "Exodus" because they remember it every year durin the festival for Passover. The Torah states that the man who led the Jews out of slavery was named Moses. While the Jews were crossing the Sinai Peninsula, Moses climbed to the top of Mount Sinai to pray. He spoke to God. Whnen he came down, he brought two stone tablets on which Yahweh had written the Ten Commandments. These commandments and other teachings Moses delivered to his people became the basis for the civil and religious laws of Judaism. The Jews believed that these laws formed a new covenant between God and themselves. They promised to keep God's commandments in return for protection. According to the Torah, the Jews wandered in the Sinai Desert for 40 years. Later in the books of the Bible tell about the history of the Jews after the wandering. After the death of Moses, they returned to Canaan, where Abraham lived. They made a change from a nomadic, tribal society to city dwellers.
The most important teaching of Judaism is that there is one God that created the heavens and the Earth, who wants people to be just and merciful. The Jews believe that Yahweh has power over all the people in the world. They also believed that he was not a physical being, and no images were to be made of him. They believe that God chose them as his appointed people in order to set an example of holy and ethical people. The Jewish people also have many beliefs within their family. They believe that a male child should be circumcised at the ripe age of 8 days old, following the instructions that God gave to Abraham.
One thing that is very important to the religion of Judaism is that the Jewish people go forth in prayer. The Jewish people have to pray three times a day, in the morning, the afternoon, and the evening. They use a prayer book called the Siddur, which includes speccial services. They have three common types of prayer. A prayer of thanksgiving, a prayer of praise, and a prayers that ask for things. The Jewish people believe that prayer gets them closer to God, gets them closer to their fellow Jewish people, and gives them a way to follow their religion's practices and beliefs. They also go forth in prayer at the Synagogue, which is their church. There services are led by a rabbi, the service included singing of hymns, reading scripture from the Torah.
The ultimate goal of Judaism is to have the understanding of the Torah, to have a close relationship with God, and to better understand the needs of thier people. This goal is achieved in many ways. One way to reach this goal is meditation, which Jews practice to focus their mind on God only. Another way to achieve the goal is through prayer and worship at home and at the synagogue. They pray and fast in order to get closer to God. This is one of the most important concept of the Jewish religion.